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7 Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease and Dialysis Patients

Renal Diet Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner

7 Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease patients and patients on dialysis is formulated and presented in a table format. A link to a PDF downloadable format is given at the end.

Diet for dialysis and kidney patients, also called Renal Diet, is aimed at preventing or slowing down the complications that may develop as a result of non-functioning kidneys.

While limiting protein is recommended, avoiding muscle wasting is also important. Similarly, people with kidney disease are advised to limit salt, potassium, and phosphates, but what amount is acceptable?

Diet charts for patients with kidney disease are formulated here. You can download them (the link is given at the end of the post).


What is the Importance of Renal Diet?

Kidney disease is a serious medical condition that impairs the kidneys’ ability to filter waste and excess fluids from the blood.

Its severity might range from minor to severe. Kidney failure, often known as end-stage renal disease (ESRD), is the most advanced stage of kidney disease.

Toxin buildup and electrolyte imbalances arise when the kidneys cannot properly filter waste and fluids, causing serious health risks.

Individuals may need to change their diet to ease symptoms and prevent complications that may develop.

Monitoring certain meals and nutrients becomes critical because they directly impact renal function.


Easy Changes to Make Your Diet Kidney-friendly:

You must follow dietary guidelines to effectively manage kidney disease and ensure optimal health while minimizing consequences.

These principles serve as a helpful road map, allowing informed choices that benefit health.

  • Keep a Check on Sodium (Salt) Intake:

The first and most crucial step is to keep track of your sodium consumption.

When your kidneys are compromised, it is difficult to maintain correct sodium concentrations, which can lead to fluid retention and high blood pressure.

Sodium, or simply table salt is widely used. It is also present in processed meals and sea foods.

Individuals suffering from kidney illness are frequently recommended to decrease their sodium consumption to maintain fluid balance and blood pressure.

Some sodium-reduction strategies include:

  • Always read food labels and go for low-sodium options
  • Limit salt in cooking and at the table
  • Use fresh herbs and low-sodium seasonings

The daily sodium intake should be less than 1500 mg per day. In dialysis patients, and those with symptoms of fluid overload, the daily sodium intake may be reduced to as low as 750 mg.

So, the daily sodium intake should be between 750 and 1500 mg which is equal to 1/6th of a teaspoon to 1/3rd of a teaspoon.

  • Balanced Protein Intake:

Another important component is your daily protein consumption. You need to balance it to save the body from catabolism and also to prevent extra load on your kidneys. 

Opt for HBV (high biological value) proteins but with a small portion size to keep the balance.

Generally, protein intake should be restricted to 0.6 – 0.8 g/kg per day in patients with kidney disease but not on dialysis. Those on dialysis may take up to 1 – 1.2 g/kg per day [Ref]

  • Manage Your Daily Fluids:

Controlling fluid intake is also essential for people with kidney disease.

The kidneys manage the fluid balance in the body, and abnormalities in this complex process can cause edema and fluid retention.

Adhering to recommended fluid allowances and adjusting intake based on factors such as urine output aids in the maintenance of this equilibrium.

  • Potassium and Phosphorus

Potassium excess can be life-threatening. It is one of the main causes of death in patients with kidney diseases and dialysis.

Dietary potassium should be kept to a minimum. Where required, your doctor may also advise you to take a potassium-binding resin such as Lokelma, Veltassa, or kayexalate.

Phosphorus is another electrolyte, excretion of which is markedly impaired in patients with kidney disease.

Diets high in phosphorus such as dairy products should be minimized. Your doctor may also advise you to take medications to lower your phosphorus levels such as Sevelamer.


Diet for Dialysis and Kidney Disease: Foods to Avoid!

Managing kidney disease necessitates a conscious approach to dietary choices, particularly in steering clear of foods that could exacerbate the condition and contribute to complications.

By avoiding certain foods, individuals can alleviate the burden on their kidneys and promote better overall health.

  • High-Sodium Foods:

Excessive sodium intake can lead to fluid retention and elevated blood pressure, straining compromised kidneys.

Processed foods, canned soups, fast food, and salty snacks are notorious culprits.

Opt for fresh, whole foods and read labels for low-sodium alternatives. Aim for a daily sodium intake of less than 1500 mg per day (1/3rd of a teaspoon)

  • High-Potassium Foods

Elevated potassium levels can disrupt heart rhythm and affect muscle function.

Bananas, oranges, potatoes, tomatoes, and avocados are examples of high-potassium foods to limit.

Instead, opt for low-potassium alternatives like apples, berries, and cauliflower.

  • High-Phosphorus Foods

Kidney dysfunction can lead to difficulty regulating phosphorus levels, impacting bone health and blood vessels.

Dairy products, nuts, seeds, and cola beverages are rich in phosphorus and should be consumed in moderation.

Opt for low-phosphorus options like rice, pasta, and lean protein sources. Keep your blood phosphate levels less than 5.5 mg/dl.

  • Excessive Protein

 Protein is essential for the body but consuming too much can strain your kidneys.

Reducing consumption of high-protein foods like red meat, processed meats, and certain dairy products can help manage kidney workload.

Choose lean protein sources like poultry, fish, and legumes in smaller portions.

Eat up to 0.8 g/kg of proteins daily. If you are on dialysis, eat up to 1.2 g/kg of proteins daily.

  • Processed and Fast Foods

These often contain high amounts of sodium, saturated fats, and additives that can aggravate kidney disease and increase the risk of heart-related complications.

Homemade meals using fresh ingredients are a healthier alternative.

  • Sugary Foods and Beverages

Consuming excessive sugars can contribute to weight gain and high blood sugar levels, which can negatively impact kidney function.

Limit sugary snacks, desserts, and sugary beverages.

  • High-Oxalate Foods

Oxalates can contribute to the formation of kidney stones. Foods high in oxalates include spinach, beets, rhubarb, and sweet potatoes.

While not all individuals with kidney disease need to avoid high-oxalate foods, those prone to kidney stones may need to moderate their intake.

  • Alcohol

Excessive alcohol consumption can dehydrate the body and strain the kidneys.

Limit alcohol intake and consult a healthcare professional about any potential risks.

  • Caffeine

Caffeine can increase blood pressure and contribute to dehydration.

Moderation is key, and opting for herbal teas and decaffeinated beverages is a wiser choice.

  • Salt Substitutes

Many salt substitutes contain high levels of potassium, which can be detrimental for individuals with kidney disease.

Avoid using these unless recommended by a healthcare professional.


Diet for Dialysis and Kidney Disease: Best Foods for the Kidney

  • Red bell peppers:

These are rich in vitamins A, C, and B6, and low in potassium therefore a great choice for kidney patients.

  • Cabbage:

This cruciferous vegetable is packed with phytochemicals, vitamins, and minerals, making it an excellent addition to a kidney-friendly diet.

  • Cauliflower:

Cauliflower is low in potassium and high in vitamin C, making it a great alternative to potatoes for those with kidney disease.

  • Garlic:

Not only does garlic add flavor to meals, but it also contains antioxidants that may help reduce inflammation and protect against certain chronic diseases.

  • Onions:

Onions are low in potassium and a good source of chromium, a mineral that helps with blood sugar control.

  • Apples:

Apples are high in fiber and packed with beneficial antioxidants, Apples are a healthy choice for individuals with kidney disease.

  • Berries:

These are rich in antioxidants and low in potassium. Strawberries, blueberries, and raspberries make for a delicious and kidney-friendly snack.

  • Egg whites:

Egg whites are an excellent source of high-quality protein and can be included in a kidney-friendly diet. However, it’s important to limit whole eggs due to their phosphorus content.

  • Fish:

Incorporating fish into your diet provides high-quality protein and omega-3 fatty acids, which have been shown to benefit kidney health.

  • Olive oil:

Rich in heart-healthy monounsaturated fats, olive oil serves as a healthy alternative to saturated fats while adding flavor to meals.


7 Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease: 100 KCal Per Day:

Here is a 7-Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease patients. Each day’s meal is divided into three main meals and two snacks.

The first 7-Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease has about 1000 kcal while the second has 1500 kcal per day which can be modified.

Simple modifications to these diet charts may include omitting mid-day snacks. However, one should not avoid any of the major meals.

Day 1MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
MondayBreakfastOatmeal (prepared with water) + 1 small apple260
SnackRice crackers120
Lunch1 oz steamed chicken breast sprinkled with herbs (without salt) + roasted carrots370
Snack½ cup low-fat yogurt140
DinnerVegetable rice (low sodium) Cooked edamame ½ cup240


Day 2MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
TuesdayBreakfastScrambled egg whites + 1 pear180
SnackRed bell peppers with hummus170
LunchBarley soup + green salad290
Snack1 cup red grapes120
DinnerQuinoa bowl with roasted veggies240


Day 3MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
WednesdayBreakfastStrawberry pancakes210
SnackBoiled corn100
Lunch1-ounce ground turkey tortilla wrap with lettuce230
Snack1 cup pomegranate120
DinnerCauliflower rice290


Day 4MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
ThursdayBreakfastAmaranth muffin120
SnackRoasted celery sticks80
Lunch½ cup Balsamic marinated mushrooms with tortilla230
SnackAlmond cookie (no added salt)130
DinnerZucchini noodles210


Day 5MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
FridayBreakfast1 cup Greek yogurt + blueberries220
SnackRoasted celery sticks with sprinkled lemon110
LunchSteamed chicken leg + 1 cup rice370
SnackSliced apple60
DinnerTuna salad with vegetables (small portion of low-sodium canned tuna)350


Day 6MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
SaturdayBreakfastFrench toast (made in olive oil)190
SnackWatermelon smoothie110
LunchEdamame salad with quinoa240
Snack½ cup garlic & onion popcorn140
DinnerVegetable macaroni (low-salt)250


Day 7MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
SundayBreakfastApple corn muffins (2)220
Snack½ cup pineapple120
LunchApple & and cranberry salad with sprinkled olive oil230
Snack1 cup Beets and cabbage salad100
Dinner1 cup Cauliflower soup320

Summary of 7-Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease Patients (1000 Kcal/day):

Here is a summary of the whole one-week meal menu for kidney patients. This is a 7-day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease patients who may or may not require dialysis.

Each day’s meal plan has three major meals and two snacks. The total calories are roughly calculated to a target of 1000 kcal/day.

DayBreakfastSnackLunchSnackDinnerTotal Calories
MondayOatmeal (prepared with water) + 1 small apple

260 kcal

Rice crackers

120 kcal

1 oz steamed chicken breast sprinkled with herbs (without salt) + roasted carrots

370 kcal

½ cup low-fat yogurt

140 kcal

Vegetable rice (low sodium) Cooked edamame ½ cup

240 kcal

TuesdayScrambled egg whites + 1 pear

180 kcal

Red bell peppers with hummus

170 kcal

Barley soup + green salad

290 kcal

1 cup red grapes

120 kcal

Quinoa bowl with roasted veggies


1000 kcal
WednesdayStrawberry pancakes

210 kcal

Boiled corn

100 kcal

1-ounce ground turkey tortilla wrap with lettuce

230 kcal

1 cup pomegranate

120 kcal

Cauliflower rice

290 kcal

930 kcal
ThursdayAmaranth muffin

120 kcal

Roasted celery sticks

80 kcal

½ cup Balsamic marinated mushrooms with tortilla

230 kcal

Almond cookie (no added salt)

130 kcal

Zucchini noodles

210 kcal

910 kcal
Friday 1 cup Greek yogurt + blueberries

220 kcal

Roasted celery sticks with sprinkled lemon

110 kcal

Steamed chicken leg + 1 cup rice

370 kcal

Sliced apple

60 kcal

Tuna salad with vegetables (small portion of low-sodium canned tuna)

350 kcal

1060 kcal
SaturdayFrench toast (made in olive oil)

190 kcal

Watermelon smoothie

110 kcal

Edamame salad with quinoa

240 kcal

½ cup garlic & onion popcorn

140 kcal

Vegetable macaroni (low-salt)

250 kcal

930 kcal
SundayApple corn muffins (2)

220 kcal

½ cup pineapple

120 kcal

Apple & and cranberry salad with sprinkled olive oil

230 kcal

1 cup Beets and cabbage salad

100 kcal

1 cup Cauliflower soup

320 kcal

940 kcal



7 Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease: 1500 Kcal per day

The following meal plans have about 1500 calories. This 7-Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease patients can also be used for patients who are on dialysis, however, it is important that dialysis patients need more proteins.

Dialysis patients need up to 1.2 g/kg/day. One can modify these diet menus according to their caloric requirements by simply eliminating the snacks portion which can change the daily calories to 1200 – 1000 kcal per day.

It is also important to reduce salt intake to less than 1500 mg per day which is about 1/3rd of a teaspoon.

Day 1MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
MondayBreakfastApple cinnamon pancakes250
SnackCranberry smoothie110
LunchFalafel wraps + pineapple chunks350
SnackZucchini brownie200
Dinner1 oz steamed tilapia with 1 cup rice410


Day 2MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
TuesdayBreakfastOat biscuits + 1 cup low-fat milk290
SnackColeslaw bowl150
LunchVegetable spaghetti + orange juice410
SnackHoney glazed carrots100
DinnerCauliflower and pear soup with whole wheat gingerbread (low-sodium bread)450


Day 3MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
WednesdayBreakfastSpinach + mushroom omelet with low-sodium toast230
SnackRoasted bell peppers140
LunchZucchini and carrot soup with low-sodium garlic bread450
SnackRice cake (1)120
DinnerVegetable salad bowl + almond milk430


Day 4MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
ThursdayBreakfastChia seed pudding + sliced apples (2)210
SnackBaked asparagus with low-sodium seasoning160
LunchSpinach pasta made with cottage cheese and peach juice470
SnackBerry + oatmeal muffins (2)240
DinnerBarley soup with tortilla380


Day 5MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
FridayBreakfastRaisin bread + Greek yogurt (half)290
SnackPapaya and pineapple smoothie150
LunchGrilled turkey sandwich with hummus370
SnackRice crackers150
DinnerBaked eggplant fries with low-sodium seasoning390


Day 6MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
SaturdayBreakfastBlueberry pancakes240
SnackBoiled corn100
LunchRice noodles with stir-fry veggies390
SnackRice cakes240
DinnerMushroom and egg white pie360


Day 7MealFood ItemCalories (Kcal)
SundayBreakfast1 cup Greek yogurt + 1 boiled egg230
SnackBaked apples with cherries160
LunchZucchini lasagna with cottage cheese and low-sodium450
SnackVegetable salsa bowl160
DinnerBlueberry pie with low-sodium toast and roasted veggies400

Summarized Table of the 7 Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease Patients and Dialysis

Here is a summarized table of the whole-week diet chart for patients with kidney disease. A 7-Day Meal Plan for Kidney Disease can also be downloaded as a PDF at the end.

Day Breakfast Snack Lunch Snack Dinner Total Calories
Monday Apple cinnamon pancakes

250 kcal

Cranberry smoothie

110 kcal

Falafel wraps + pineapple chunks

350 kcal

Zucchini brownie

200 kcal

1 oz steamed tilapia with 1 cup rice

410 kcal

1350 kcal
Tuesday Oat biscuits + 1 cup low-fat milk

290 kcal

Coleslaw bowl

150 kcal

Vegetable spaghetti + orange juice

410 kcal

Honey glazed carrots

100 kcal

Cauliflower and pear soup with whole wheat gingerbread (low-sodium bread)

450 kcal

1400 kcal
Wednesday Spinach + mushroom omelet with low-sodium toast

230 kcal

Roasted bell peppers

140 kcal

Zucchini and carrot soup with low-sodium garlic bread

450 kcal

Rice cake (1)

120 kcal

Vegetable salad bowl + almond milk

430 kcal

1460 kcal
Thursday Chia seed pudding + sliced apples (2)

210 kcal

Baked asparagus with low-sodium seasoning

160 kcal

Spinach pasta made with cottage cheese and peach juice

470 kcal

Berry + oatmeal muffins (2)

240 kcal

Barley soup with tortilla

380 kcal

1440 kcal
FridayRaisin bread + Greek yogurt (half)

290 kcal

Papaya and pineapple smoothie

150 kcal

Grilled turkey sandwich with hummus

370 kcal

Rice crackers

150 kcal

Baked eggplant fries with low-sodium seasoning

390 kcal

1350 kcal
Saturday Blueberry pancakes

240 kcal

Boiled corn

100 kcal

Rice noodles with stir-fry veggies

390 kcal

Rice cakes

240 kcal

Mushroom and egg white pie

360 kcal

1330 kcal
Sunday 1 cup Greek yogurt + 1 boiled egg

230 kcal

Baked apples with cherries

160 kcal

Zucchini lasagna with cottage cheese and low-sodium

450 kcal

Vegetable salsa bowl

160 kcal

Blueberry pie with low-sodium toast and roasted veggies

400 kcal

1400 kcal


Please click on the link here to download: 7 day meal plan for kidney disease PDF

What do you think?

Written by Dr. Ahmed

I am Dr. Ahmed (MBBS; FCPS Medicine), an Internist and a practicing physician. I am in the medical field for over fifteen years working in one of the busiest hospitals and writing medical posts for over 5 years.

I love my family, my profession, my blog, nature, hiking, and simple life. Read more about me, my family, and my qualifications

Here is a link to My Facebook Page. You can also contact me by email at or at My Twitter Account
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