Abdominal Bloating and Anorexia: Causes and Treatment

Abdominal Bloating and Anorexia

Abdominal bloating happens when the GIT is loaded up with air or gas just like an inflated balloon[Ref].

The vast majority complain of bloating as feeling full (anorexia), close, or swollen in the mid-abdomen. Your mid-abdomen may likewise be enlarged (expanded), hard, and extremely painful.

The symptoms of bloating are frequently accompanied by:

  • Excessive production of gas.
  • Extreme pain.
  • Continuous burping.
  • Stomach thundering or the voices from it.
  • Stomach bulging can limit your capacity to work and take part in friendly or sporting exercises. Bulging is normal among the two i.e grown-ups and youngsters.

Why do you feel bloated?

Gas is the most widely recognized reason for bulging, particularly after eating. Gas develops in the gastrointestinal system when there is a breakdown of undigested food or when you swallow air.

Everybody swallows air when they eat or drink. In any case, certain individuals can swallow more than others, particularly assuming they are:

  • Eating or drinking excessively quick
  • Biting gum
  • Smoking
  • Wearing free false teeth.

Burping and expiring air are two different ways swallowed air leaves the body. Slow exhausting of the stomach gas can cause bloating and stomach distension.

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How Normal is Bloating?

About 10% and 25% of healthy individuals complain of periodic stomach bulging and flatulence. Out of these, 75% rate their symptoms as moderate to severe. Around 10% say they experience it routinely.

Abdominal gases, bloating, and anorexia may be present in as much as 90% of the patients with irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).

Up to 75% of women experience swelling previously and during their periods. Just half of the individuals who experience swelling likewise report abdominal bloating.

What is Anorexia?

Anorexia nervosa” comprises two words, Anorexia signifies “without appetite (hunger) ” and Nervosa signifies “anxious”.

Anorexia nervosa — much of the time called anorexia — is a problem connected with eating. It affects mostly young females who have a lower-than-normal BMI.

These patients feel that they are overweight despite the fact that they are markedly malnourished.

The ones experiencing anorexia are incredibly worried about controlling their weight and shape, doing numerous efforts to diminish it and in this way harm their lives.

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What causes stomach bloating and anorexia?

Abdominal bloating commonly happens when your stomach is loaded up with excess air or gas. This can happen when you take in an excess of air through your mouth.

Anorexia may be indicative of an underlying serious illness such as cancer or malignant growth. It may be due to severe stress, anxiety, and depression.

In addition, work stress and medications such as diabetes medications and NSAIDs, and gastrointestinal infections may result in anorexia.

Changes in your body related to maturing can likewise make you experience a loss of hunger as you age.

A few normal reasons for stomach bloating and anorexia include:

  • Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)
  • Obstruction
  • Gastroenteritis, both viral and bacterial
  • IBS (Irritable Bowel Syndrome)
  • Giardiasis
  • Food contamination
  • Infections caused by hookworms
  • CHF (congestive heart failure)
  • Stones in gallbladder
  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
  • Intolerances of food, like lactose or gluten enteropathy
  • Celiac disease
  • Gastroparesis
  • Pregnancy, particularly in the first trimester.
  • Taking specific meds, for example, antimicrobials or chemotherapy drugs
  • Crohn’s and ulcerative colitis
  • PMS (premenstrual syndrome)

In uncommon examples, the stomach’s bloating and anorexia can be an indication of specific diseases, including colon, ovarian, stomach, and pancreatic malignant growths.

Abrupt weight reduction is another side effect that will in general go with malignant growth-related stomach swelling and loss of craving.

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Causes of abdominal bloating and anorexia:

Abdominal Gas is the most frequently reported symptom. It may be described as burping, belching, flatulence, borborygmi, or passing excessive flatus.

The formation of gas causes both abdominal bloating and anorexia.

Gas is a characteristic byproduct of processing, yet a lot of digestive gas indicates that your digestion has turned out badly.

While you can ingest gasses by gulping air or drinking carbonated drinks, these gasses generally leave your body through burping before they reach your digestive tract.

Gasses in your digestive organs are generally created by stomach microbes processing sugars, in a cycle called fermentation.

Assuming that there’s an excess of fermentation going on, this is because such a large number of starches weren’t normally digested before in the stomach-related process, before arriving at those stomach microbes.

That could be because of multiple factors. Perhaps you just ate too quickly or more than your body required.

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Or, on the other hand, you could have a particular food intolerance issue or gastrointestinal (GI) disorder.

A few main causes include:

  • Starch malabsorption.

Many individuals experience issues processing specific starches (sugars). A few common carbs are lactose, fructose, and carbs in wheat and beans.

You might have an intolerance to a specific carb such as people who have lactose intolerance, or your gut may not be accepting carbs at all.

A nutritionist or GI expert can assist you in selecting specific food items.

There is a disorder called SIBO (or small intestinal bacterial overgrowth) which is due to the presence of more bacteria in the small intestine than normal. This happens when stomach microbes from the colon flood into the small intestine.

Bacterial overgrowth alters the balance between good and bad organisms. These organisms act primarily on simple carbs, ferment them, and produce excessive gases.

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  • Functional stomach-related disorders.

IBS and dyspepsia frequently manifest as abdominal gases and bloating just after eating. Other associated symptoms may include diarrhea or constipation, retching, weakness, abdominal pain or cramps, palpitations, anxiety, weight gain, or weight loss.

  • Instinctive hypersensitivity

Certain individuals feel like they’re gassy and swollen in any event even when their volume of gas is ordinary. This is common in people with IBS and other functional problems such as people with abnormal gut-to-brain neural pathways.

Certain individuals even adapt a strong hyper-response to make more space in the stomach cavity for gas (abdominal phrenic dyssynergia).

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  • Constipation or intestinal obstruction.

Constipation may affect the volume of gases and the feeling of being full and anorectic in two ways.

The food stays for a longer time than usual allowing the bacteria to ferment more glucose and release gases.

When food stays for more time in the colon, it makes a person feels full.

Constipation can be simply due to slow gut transit or it may be because of an underlying serious illness such as a tumor, growth, scar tissue, or lymph nodes pressing on the intestines.

Other conditions resulting in chronic long-standing constipation include diseases such as Crohn’s disease, tuberculosis, diverticulosis, electrolyte imbalance like hypokalemia, gastroparesis, hypercalcemia, and intestinal pseudo-obstruction.

  • Ongoing weight gain.

Weight gain is generally associated with belly fat deposition. Weight gain and especially rapid weight gain may have some impact on your stomach volume.

This implies less space for ordinary digestive processes so even a typical dinner might make you feel strangely bloated during processing it.

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  • Hormones and PMS

Many women feel full and bloated, and have anorexia during their periods. As much as 3 out of every four women may describe at least some gut-related symptoms during their periods.

Female hormones like estrogen cause fluid retention, hence the bloating and weight gain may vary with the timings of the cycle.

Bloating is also common after menopause and during the perimenopausal period. Changes in the uterus can also be associated with stomach bloating and anorexia.

Estrogen receptors may have direct fluid-retaining properties and affect gut motility.

Other Causes of Abdominal Bloating and Anorexia:

Apart from simple abdominal gases and bloating due to trapped air, there are other causes of abdominal distension that might be a clue to an underlying serious illness.

These may include:

  • Ascites

Ascites is the development of fluid in your stomach cavity. It typically occurs in patients who have advanced liver, kidney, or heart diseases.

It may also occur in patients with malignancies (cancers), infections like tuberculosis, malabsorption, malnutrition, and hepatic vein obstruction.

  • Pancreatic insufficiency.

This is a sort of pancreatic dysfunction where your pancreas can never again make an adequate number of digestive enzymes.

When the food passes undigested into the colon, bacteria act on them and produce gases.

Chronic pancreatic insufficiency can also lead to malabsorption which causes the depletion of circulating albumin and proteins.

When a person develops a hypoproteinemic state, ascites develop.

  • Malignant growth

Malignant growth like ovarian, uterine, colon, pancreatic, stomach, etc, can cause obstruction to the colon contents.

Cancers can also result in anorexia and weight loss. Cancers can cause ulcers in the stomach and directly cause bloating and anorexia.

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How long does a bloated stomach last?

If your bulging is because of something you ate or drank or due to hormonal issues as in PMS (premenstrual syndrome), it should get better within a couple of hours to days.

If you are constipated, it won’t go down until you pass stools. Water, exercise, and herbal teas can assist you to get rid of stomach bloating. If it doesn’t disappear or worsen, you may need to consult a healthcare professional.

What eases bloating and anorexia?

To relieve stomach bloating and anorexia, you need to identify the cause of it first. However, certain simple changes in the diet can help in relieving these symptoms to some extent.

Solutions for bloating and anorexia

  • Natural teas:

Natural teas, including peppermint, chamomile, ginger, turmeric, and fennel can help with absorption and assist with handling gas. Dandelion tea can assist with treating water retention.

  • Peppermint oil:

Peppermint oil is an antispasmodic. That implies they assist your gastrointestinal muscles with relaxing.

This can assist you with passing trapped stool and gas, particularly if your concerns get from a motility issue.

  • Antacids:

Antacids reduce inflammation in the gastrointestinal system and assist with passing gas with ease.

Antacids frequently incorporate the ingredient simethicone, which attempts to pass gas by gathering more modest gas bubbles together.

  • Magnesium supplements:

Magnesium supplements help to neutralize gastric acids and loosen up the digestive muscles.

  • Probiotics:

Probiotics can help rebalance your stomach microorganisms such as bacteria. Some will assist you with processing your food better in any case, and others may assist with absorbing excess gasses. You might need to take them continuously for a couple of days or weeks to see a difference.

  • Psyllium husk:

Psyllium husks are a famous fiber supplement that can help you pass stool all the more routinely. You can take small amounts of fiber supplements daily with water or milk.

  • Normal activity:

Normal activity with an emphasis on core body training can assist with combating stomach bulging.

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How might I prevent stomach bloating and anorexia?

Assuming your stomach bloating and anorexia are connected with specific food sources, keep away from them whenever the situation allows.

A few food varieties that normally cause these side effects to include:

  • Broccoli
  • Without sugar sweets
  • Brussels sprouts
  • High-fat food sources
  • Vine
  • Turnips
  • Dairy items
  • Beans
  • Biting gum
  • Cabbage
  • Lentils
  • Carbonated drinks

Monitor your snacks, meals, and side dishes. This can assist you with distinguishing food varieties that appear to set off your side effects.

If your primary care physician suspects you have a food allergy, you might have to undergo food sensitivity testing.

However, try to take enough calories and a balanced diet in order to maintain a healthy weight.

Eating gradually and sitting upstanding a while later can likewise assist with bringing down your risk of heartburn. Eat slowly, and avoid going to bed immediately after dinner.

If you have GERD, stop taking over-the-counter aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen, or any other NSAID.

They can worsen your side effects. Acetaminophen is not associated with most of the side effects that are encountered with NSAIDs.

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What do you think?

Written by Dr. Ahmed

I am Dr. Ahmed (MBBS; FCPS Medicine), an Internist and a practicing physician. I am in the medical field for over fifteen years working in one of the busiest hospitals and writing medical posts for over 5 years.

I love my family, my profession, my blog, nature, hiking, and simple life. Read more about me, my family, and my qualifications

Here is a link to My Facebook Page. You can also contact me by email at or at My Twitter Account
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